Calamandrei, Piero

   One of 20th-century Italy’s leading liberal intellectuals, Piero Calamandrei was also a respected jurist and a prominent opponent of Fascism. Born in Florence, Calamandrei postponed his career as a professor of law to serve as a volunteer during World War I. He was an active antifascist from the very beginning of the regime. Together with Ernesto Rossi, Gaetano Salvemini, and Carlo and Nello Rosselli, he was one of the founders of an antifascist circle of intellectuals in Florence that the Fascist squads brutally suppressed in December 1924; he signed Benedetto Croce’s 1925 manifesto of antifascist intellectuals. In the 1940s, he honorably resigned his university chair rather than write a letter publicly proclaiming his loyalty to Benito Mussolini. In 1942, Calamandrei was one of the founders of the Partito d’Azione/Action Party (PdA). He was elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1946 and became one of the principal authors of the Constitution of 1948. In 1948, he was elected to Parliament as a member of the Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano/Italian Social Democratic Party (PSDI), although he later strongly disagreed with his party’s support for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and its increasing closeness to the Democrazia Cristiana/Christian Democracy (DC). Unlike many in the PSDI, Calamandrei believed that democratic socialists could find intellectual common ground with the Partito Comunista Italiano/Italian Communist Party (PCI) both within Italy and without, and to this end he founded the intellectual review Il Ponte (The Bridge) in 1945. Ever since then, this magazine has been one of the most important forums for intellectual debate on the Italian left. Calamandrei died in Florence in 1956.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Calamandrei, Piero — (Firenze 1889 1956) scrittore e giurista, fondatore de “Il Ponte”; uomo politico. collab./opere: “Il Politecnico” …   Dizionario biografico elementare del Novecento letterario italiano

  • Piero Calamandrei — (Florence, April 21, 1889 Florence, September 27, 1956) was an Italian author, jurist, soldier, university professor and politician. He was one of Italy s leading authorities on the law of civil procedure.After studies in Pisa and Rome,… …   Wikipedia

  • Piero Calamandrei — (né le 21 avril 1889 à Florence, Toscane et mort dans cette même ville le 27 septembre 1956) était un écrivain, un juriste, un professeur d université et un homme politique italien, réputé pour ses ouvrages traitant de la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Piero Calamandrei — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Piero Calamandrei (Florencia; 1889 1956). Jurista italiano, se recibió de abogado en Pisa en 1912; en 1915 fue nominado por concurso publico profesor de derecho procesal civil en la Universidad de Messina; en 1918… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Piero Calamandrei — (Florencia; 1889 1956). Jurista italiano, se recibió de abogado en Pisa en 1912; en 1915 fue nominado por concurso publico profesor de derecho procesal civil en la Universidad de Messina; en 1918 fue llamado a la Universidad de Modena, en 1920 a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Resistencia italiana — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Resistencia. Bandera de los Arditi del Popolo. Este grupo formó parte de la Resistencia italiana. Su símbolo era el hacha que corta los fasces (símbolo, a su vez, del fascismo) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giacomo Devoto — (Génova, 19 de julio de 1897 – Florencia, 1974) fue un glotólogo y lingüista italiano, uno de las máximos exponentes de la disciplina del siglo XX. Contenido 1 Biografía 2 Obras 3 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Albert Kesselring — Infobox Military Person name=Albert Kesselring born=birth date|1885|11|30|df=y died=death date and age|1960|7|16|1885|11|30|df=y placeofbirth=Marktsteft, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire placeofdeath=Bad Nauheim, West Germany caption=Albert… …   Wikipedia

  • Partito d'Azione — Die Aktionspartei (Partito d Azione, Pd A) war zwischen Juli 1942 und 1946 eine italienische Partei. Geschichte Die Pd´A war eine Partei in der Tradition Giuseppe Mazzinis und des Risorgimento. Gegründet wurde sie im Juli 1942 von ehemaligen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Florence — /flawr euhns, flor /, n. 1. Italian, Firenze. a city in central Italy, on the Arno River: capital of the former grand duchy of Tuscany. 464,425. 2. a city in NW Alabama, on the Tennessee River. 37,029. 3. a city in E South Carolina. 30,062. 4. a… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.